Climate Change: Are We in Crisis?

Written By
Annisa Puspa Andira

Edited By
Fazrah LR Heryanda

Illustration By
Abdurrahman Rabbani

People apparently have been marked 2020 as the gloomiest year as we will probably battling global pandemic COVID-19 until the end of the year. But, we can’t forget any other significant issues, including several disasters that happened in several countries. From the massive fire in Australia or severe flooding that strikes our nation’s capital, Jakarta, and arising term ‘climate change’ or ‘climate crisis.’ It’s believed to be the significant factor of those tragic events. However, there is still a matter of debate, whether it’s true or not, that climate change is indeed the cause. Along with that, comes a big question to be solved: are we really in crisis because of climate change?

The climate experiences specific changes naturally and slowly. The seasons that we experience (spring, summer, fall, winter, dry, and rainy season) or natural phenomena like flood, storm, and tornado are caused by climate change. The interaction between the climate components and external factors such as volcanic eruptions, solar cycle, and human activities made it happen.

However, with the increasing needs, it also comes with the expansion of human activities and the greed to fulfill what we need, such as agriculture, mining, animal husbandry, deforestation, and other industrial activities. Without realizing, those activities have an impact on the increase of greenhouse gases, from Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, etc. production in the atmosphere. As a result, the heat that trapped in the atmosphere rising and affect climate change drastically. No wonder these past months feel so much hotter, even we’re supposed to experience the breeze of the rainy season.

The unexpected rise of the earth’s temperature causes a drought in many territories. Our rivers, lakes, and water springs would be threatened because of the prolonged drought that affects the clean water supply. Other impacts are a massive extinction of many creatures and horrifically, the explosive growth of parasite population such as mosquitos, especially Anopheles and Aedes aegypti that spread malaria and dengue fever disease, ticks, and pests. Now, imagine how the impact would be on our health and well-being. What’s make it worse, according to NASA, carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the air are at their highest in 650,000 years.

Those examples are only the tip of an iceberg. If climate change continues and goes extremely unstable, it could bring unwanted alternations in our life, even deteriorates it. Experts and environmentalists have made extraordinary efforts to prevent climate change or collectively raise the voice that our earth is at stake.

Greta Thunberg once said in her speech at the 2019 UN Climate Action Summit, “People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are at the beginning of mass extinction, and all you can talk about is money and fairy tales of eternal economic growth”. In front of the world leaders, Greta implied that all efforts made to prevent progressive disasters due to ecological imbalance would be in vain if the stakeholders didn’t take any part in refining the policies that could bring real change. Those policies, such as the regulation on the use of plastics, where the government can provide limitation or restriction of the usage, public transportation policies can also be allocated with consumption and food policies that can minimize the produced carbon footprint. It sounds cliché, but it’s highly possible to restore the situation by staking a higher will to do goods. With the push from the government, it will strengthen the movement.